Introduction to the Assessment of Functional Living Skills (AFLS)

16 Nov 2019
09:15 - 09:45

Introduction to the Assessment of Functional Living Skills (AFLS)

The Assessment of Functional Living Skills AFLS is an assessment, skills tracking system, and curriculum guide for the development of essential skills for achieving independence. It can be used to demonstrate a learner’s current functional skills repertoire and provide tracking information for the progressive development of these skills throughout lifespan. The AFLS contains task analyses of many of the skills essential for participation in a wide range of family community, school, and work environment.

AFLS is an Administration, Analysis, and Program Development of individuals of all ages with diagnosis with autism and other developmental disabilities.

There are six protocols:

  1. Basic Living Skills Assessment Protocol
  2. Home Skills Assessment Protocol
  3. Community Participation Skills Assessment
  4. Vocational Skills Assessment Protocol
  5. School Skills Assessment Protocol
  6. Independent Living Skills Assessment Protocol.

Participants of the workshops will learn how to conduct an AFLS assessment and transfer the results to the skills tracking grids.  An emphasis will be placed on helping parents, other caregivers, and educators identify and prioritize functional skills that their learner needs to develop. A major emphasis will be placed on learning how to break down tasks into easy-to-teach steps (task analysis).  Participants will learn strategies to support and enhance the learner’s motivation to participate in the tasks.  Additionally, methods for using and then fading prompts as those skills are learned will be demonstrated.

Basic Living Skills Protocol

Basic self-help, self-care, self-management, hygiene, routines, and core communication skills are assessed in this protocol.  The skills assessed in The Basic Living Skills Assessment Protocol should be thought of as a prerequisite for any functional skills program for any learner regardless of age, setting, or disability.  These essential skills, if not mastered, will have a profound impact on a learner’s ability to live independently, to be successful in school, and to take advantage of various social and recreational activities throughout the learner’s life. The Basic Living Skills Protocol includes:

  • Self-Management
  • Basic Communication
  • Dressing
  • Toileting
  • Grooming
  • Bathing
  • Health, Safety & First Aid
  • Nighttime Routines

Home Skills Protocol

Whether the learner is living with parents, living in a supported facility, living in a group home or living independently or with roommates, the Home Skills Assessment Protocol provides an essential review of skills required for living in a home.  Basic and advanced home skills of preparing and eating meals at home, cleaning tasks around the home, clothing, laundry, leisure skills, and the day-to-day mechanics of living in a home are assessed.  Home Skills Protocol includes:

  • Meals at Home
  • Dishes
  • Clothing and Laundry
  • Housekeeping and Chores
  • Household Mechanics
  • Leisure
  • Kitchen
  • Cooking

Community Participation Skills Protocol

Participating in the community begins with learning to physically navigate safely around all the common aspects of sidewalks, streets, and signs along with people encountered while walking or while being transported.  To be able to independently shop in grocery and department stores, shop at the mall, and eat at fast food or sit-down restaurants requires a wide variety of skills.  The ability to tell time and use time related concepts, making and keeping appointments, using a phone, and other skills to help learners stay connected and interact with others in the community are also assessed in this protocol.  Community Participation Skills Protocol includes:

  • Basic Mobility
  • Community Knowledge
  • Shopping
  • Meals in Public
  • Money
  • Phone
  • Time
  • Social Awareness and Manners

School Skills Protocol

It is important for a learner to be an active participant in a variety of skills, routines and social situations in educational settings.  These skills are essential in striving for independence and successful functioning in different types of classrooms, in all parts of the school campus, and with peers and various staff.  This assessment covers all age levels of education (i.e., elementary school, middle school, high school, college).  It also incorporates skills that are necessary in a wide range of classroom environments (i.e., special day classes, “pull out” classrooms, inclusion, regular education), and considers the individual’s level of development (e.g., language, behaviour, and cognitive abilities).  The School Skills Protocol includes:

  • Classroom Mechanics
  • Routines and Expectations
  • Meals at School
  • Social Skills
  • Technology
  • Common Knowledge
  • Core Academics
  • Applied Academics

Independent Living Skills Protocol

This Protocol provides caregivers and professionals with information to teach essential skills to learners who are being prepared to live either independently or in a shared residence with others.  This criterion-referenced assessment covers a wide variety of skills that promote independent living. There are many skills that are critical in order to live independently including organizing possessions, cleaning and cooking as well as money management skills related to financial planning, banking, bill paying, using debit and credit cards, and shopping.  Each learner needs to know how to travel in the community, must also have good hygiene practices, and take medication as prescribed.  This protocol also incorporates skills about the assertion of personal rights, awareness of the motivation of others as well as managing relationships with others in various settings.  The Independent Living Skills Protocol includes:

  • Organizational Skills
  • Self-Care
  • Maintenance & Cleaning
  • Mechanics & Repairs
  • Community Travel
  • Transportation
  • Kitchen Tools & Appliances
  • Food & Meal Planning
  • Money Management
  • Independent Shopping
  • Personal Management
  • Safety
  • Problem Solving
  • Social Interactions
  • Living with Others
  • Interpersonal Relationships

Vocational Skills Protocol

This protocol provides caregivers and professionals with information to teach essential skills to learners preparing to enter the workforce or those who are already working but want to further develop skills for a wide variety of settings.  This criterion-referenced assessment covers skills related to obtaining employment, searching for job openings, creating resumes, completing applications, and preparing for interviews.  This protocol also includes a wide range of basic work-related skills such as job safety, payroll, financial issues, and interacting with supervisors and co-workers. It also includes a review of skills required in specific types of jobs in a variety of settings.  The assessment evaluates vocational skills for individuals with various types and levels of disability. The Vocational Skills Protocol includes:

  • Job Search
  • Interview
  • Basic Skills
  • Co-worker Relations
  • Workplace Safety
  • Fixed Activity Skills
  • Custodial & Cleaning
  • Laundry
  • Retail
  • Support Personnel
  • Office Skills
  • Computer Skills
  • Restaurant Skills
  • Restaurant Kitchen
  • Warehouse
  • Tools
  • Trades & Construction
  • Landscaping